The Political Space of German Resistance – Part 3 of 8

The processes of interior detachment of these social classes, neglected by bourgeois society, are reflected in the history of the evolution of the National Socialist movement. National Socialism was this form under which was expressed the first dark sentiments of these classes who did not truly share in bourgeois society. From the National Socialist movement they become conscious of their non-bourgeois particularity. They were still not capable of formulating what they wanted to lead them. Therefore it is not by luck if their social program remained imprecise, nebulous, and confused. They professed socialism without that declaration having a concrete content. It was only the emphatic expression of their desire to hold off the bourgeois order.

Their nationalist ardor was the eruption of a fundamental originality. The national will to life that, deservedly, felt threatened by the political execution of the treaties, lead from the bourgeois point of view, was addressed with a vehemence. This will awoke when man became conscious of all the gravity of the situation and the impossibility of leaving his individual misery. Suddenly, he understood that this misery touched even the bases of national existence.

It is true that the feeling, the orientation, and the motive forces of this anti-bourgeois movement did not later correspond with the organization it formed, it no longer corresponded with the tendencies and objectives of the “National Socialist Workers Party.”

The party did not become the instrument of an anti-bourgeois will. It no longer reinforced it, and it did not follow its ways. All on the contrary, it later took positions to weaken it, to paralyze it, and to turn it from its path. First it channeled it to tame its vehemence, and then to let it get bogged down. It rendered it inoffensive it only became a simple appeal to the conscience of bourgeois society, wanting, in fact, to prevent a rupture with the bourgeoisie. From there, it suddenly transformed into an association to salvage bourgeois society. It now had the effect of a measure that must rein in the anti-bourgeois instincts to then be capable of dominating them more surely. It is a measure that has made all its proofs. For all time, the Catholic Church has been used to make insurrectionist movements inoffensive. The National Socialist party has become the instrument permitting bourgeois society to apply the same tactic. The abandonment of certain socialist points, written in the program, the accords with heavy industry, the tendency to make coalitions with the parties of the right, the assurance of an unbroken legality, the engagement taken towards the culture of the West are signs clearly indicating how the party feels obliged towards the West.

In Hitler, the sentiment of bourgeois life has lost its natural assurance. In the measure where he represents bourgeois society, he only embodies it in its extreme anguish, in the hysteria of its fear of death, and in the fierceness of its desperate defense. It was thus inevitable that the bourgeois infamy would amplify in him until it became grotesque, wanting to make roaring flotillas from the most authentic national sentiments in the repugnant service of “private” and bourgeois selfishness. The alliance that Hitler concluded with the general directors of heavy industry of the West is a terrifying symbol: one more time, we have sold the German fervor to use it as the reinforcement of troublesome speculations and the villainous attempts of the bourgeois businessmen.

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