The clerical particularist currents of Bavaria were dismayed when they saw the success of Hitler with officials. The elementary violence of the German protestation, unleashed by Hitler and directed by Ludendorff, could it undermine the position of Catholic domination? Already, they feared that the seizure of the German conscience would break out one day and could remove the “Roman crust.” They incited Hitler to his November Putsch. The illegal and revolutionary, promising spirit of his group sank into ridicule of a folly packed with illegality. Overnight, the charm of the movement was broken. The revolutionary heroes, who had sworn to conquer or die, paid for their defeat, not with their deaths, but with an agreeable retreat in an idyllic prison. The Catholic tendencies had regained the upper hand in Bavaria. The officials were immediately replaced on the spot according to the Constitution. The German protestation was lost in the void.
A year later, Hitler was already pardoned. The president of the Council of Ministers of Bavaria, one of the leaders of political Catholicism, received him to make him promise future good conduct. Hitler separated from Ludendorff and joined with General Epp, of the “Mary Mother of God” faction. He took as his model Mussolini and Italian Fascism. He confirmed the “brown shirt,” so foreign to the German atmosphere. Since then, his hordes have camped like troops of Southern European occupation on German soil. The Roman Fascist salute became obligatory. The German flags, flying magnificently in the wind, were replaced by standards with austere symbols of the past, standards which, until now, had preceded the Roman legionaries, the Italian Fascists, and Catholic processions. The movement that, until now, had tried to regain the territory, was no longer what it was before 1923. Right now, it is oriented under the Roman style.
For centuries, Munich had been the entry way for all the currents of Catholicism and the Counter-Reformation. That fact that nationalism arose there, was before 1923, a forecast of courage. The German protest had dared to risk itself in the lion’s den. If they succeeded in affirming themselves here, the greatest obstacle would have been cleared. Munich was the key to the enemy positions on German soil. Thus, National Socialism, at the beginning, threw its assault against this city. In November 1923, it laid for him ambushes and lead his defense. Ludendorff was in Munich as a Trojan Horse sowing German terror among the Roman cohorts.
After 1923, for Hitler, Munich became his city. He was conquered and he laid down before this decision. This submission did not pose him problems. Finally, it was only a return to himself. He is a German with a Latin sensibility, carrying in his instincts the tendencies of the Counter-Reformation, shared between the Wittelsbach and the Habsburg. Maybe his putsch of 1923 was only an act of despair to discharge a task that had fallen to him, that overwhelmed him because he did not feel up to it. As a Romanized German, he could not assume the mission of bearing the German revolt to victory. It was as if he had in his head, the secret law of his blood that told him to plot with Catholicism in order to block and divert the shock wave of the German revolt.
To be apparently linked to the Reich and take in secret the side of the Latin countries, that has always been the historical role of Munich. He who feels politically comfortable in this city, is suspect from the German point of view. In Munich, German affairs are seen as they appear to Latin countries. The fact that Hitler consented to definitively establish himself in Munich testifies to a non-negligible franchise. He who knows German history must understand that starting from this moment, a double game was under way for which Germany must pay the price. We cannot imagine a politics of the Reich programmed from Munich. It can only have there politics against the Reich. We cannot renew the Reich from the “Brown House.” Given that it is in Munich, each enterprise that departs from that point will be harmful for the Reich.
Basically, the putsch of November 1923 had already anticipated the destiny of National Socialism in its entirety: squandering the German energy, mobilizing for a lost cause so that the forces of Latin alienation could have a free hand. Certainly, in 1923, Hitler was still a pure fool, full of good intentions, but when he concluded his peace with Munich, he sacrificed his purity. In the measure where he remained a fool, he was all the same dangerous and malignant. National Socialism received a Fascist polish by reason of its concentration in Munich. The Fascist National Socialism is also honest and authentic in the faith of Bavaria – with the preservation of its sovereignty – in regard to the Reich. Fascist National Socialism is only a facade to hide the bent spine of Germany. It acts with a denatured nationalism for the German domesticated animals who want to keep a wild aspect.